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Term Description
Achkan (H) Long sleeved coat-like garment, full-skirted, knee-length or even lower, buttoned down front-middle with generally a high neckline. Worn by men
Angarakha (H) Full-sleeved outerwear, generally open at the chest and tied in front with an inner flap covering the chest. Worn by men full-skirted and of varying lengths.
Bandhani or Bandhini (H) A traditional dyeing technique in which the design is reserved in the undyed cloth by tying small spots very tightly with thread to protect them from the dye. Popular in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Buta (H) A large usually floral or foliate motif commonly used in Indian textile design
Buti (H) A small usually floral recurring motif commonly used in Indian textile design
Choga or Chogha (H) An overcoat-like garment, loose sleeved worn over an inner garment. Made of cotton, brocade or cashmere; worn by men on ceremonial occasions.
Choli (H) A short and closely fitted bodice-like breast garment with back-covering or without, tied or fastened at front or back in various styles.Worn by women all over India with sari or ghaghra.
Churidar Paijama (H) Baggy drawstring trousers that bunch up tightly along the lower calf in bangle-like gathers or wrinkles. Worn traditionally by both women and men with Kurta/Kurti. Name derived from Churi meaning bangle.
Dhoti (H) Traditional lower garment consisting of a generally rectangular piece of unstitched cloth, usually draped over the hips and legs, and knotted at the waist. Worn both by men and women.
Dupatta (H) A veil or wrap draped loosely around the upper part of the body. Traditionally worn by north Indian women.
Ghaghra (H)  A skirt gathered to a waist-band and is usually with a great deal of flare. Plain or richly embroidered it is fastened at the waist with a drawstring. Traditionally worn by women of northern and western states of India.
Gota (H) A ribbon made of gold or silver thread
Jama Full-sleeved outerwear for men with a closely fitting bodice, flared in the skirt and tied under the left or right armpit. Popular in Mughal and Rajput courts
Jamdani Fine cotton muslin with a floral pattern brocaded in thick soft cotton. Traditionally produced in Dhaka, now in Bangladesh.
Jodhpurs (H) & (E) Riding breeches baggy to the knees and tight fitting from knee to ankle with reinforcement patches for rigorous wear. Name derived from Jodhpur in Rajasthan.
Khadi (H) Hand woven fabric (cotton or silk) traditionally made of handspun yarns; a symbol of India's fight for Independence.
Kurta (H) A loose fitting outerwear about knee-length or beyond with side slits at the hem and generally flared skirt. Worn traditionally with loose trousers (Paijama) or churidarsby both men and women of northern India.
Lehanga (H) A drawstring skirt, usually worn with Choli and Odhani.
Lungi (H) A rectangular piece of unstitched garment wrapped as a long straight skirt cloth. Worn by men
Muslin (H) A generic term for a light weight open cloth of plain or plain gauze weave.
Odhani or Odhni (H) A large veil or wrap, worn by women, with a ghaghra / lehanga. Traditionally used to cover head and draped over the shoulders with one end tucked into wasitband.
Pagri or Pagree (H) Turban, made from a length of cloth wrapped around the head worn all over India, generally by men.
Pashmina A fabric woven from the downy fibres from goats of the mountainous state of Jammu & Kashmir. Also known as Cashmere
Pallu (H) The end piece of the sari usually draped over the shoulder and commonly carries distinct and heavy surface ornamentation
Phulkari (H) Floral embroidery typical of Punjab. Used to embellish head veils and other garment pieces.
Paijama or Pyjama (H) Trouser-like lower garment worn by both men and women in India. Worn in many cuts and shapes.
Sari (H) A term used for a draped untailored textile of about five metres in length worn by women of India. Usually the sari has a decorated end panel and is worn with a blouse and matching long flared petticoat.
Salwar (H) A paijama-like lower garment, baggy and wide at the top and loose around legs and ankles. Worn usually by women but also by men in some parts of India.
Sharara (H) A loose trailing paijama-like lower garment for women. Sometimes heavily embellished and worn with a veil.
Sherwani (H) A coat-like close-fitting garment of knee-length and opening in front with button-fastenings. Worn by men.
Zardozi A technique of surface ornamentation on a variety of fabrics using gold or silver metal threads
Zari (H) Metal wrapped yarn used for brocading.

Note: (H) - Hindi, (E) - English